Boyarsky Museum

History of creation of Boyarsky Museum


The district Museum in Boyarka established on the basis of Literary -memorial Museum of M.Ostrovskoho, which was opened on 29 of September 1974 to 70th anniversary of M.O.Ostrovskoho (Protocol number 8 meeting of the Bureau of the Kyiv Committee of Ukraine LCYU 26.09.74).

Since 1974 to 1992 Literary-memorial Museum of M.Ostrovskoho in Boyarka territorially included in the complex, dedicated to writer: building of school, where in 1921 during construction of Boyar narrow lived future author of "How Steel Was Tempered" monument to M.Ostrovskomu (Auth. V.Klokov, H.Odynets), a monument to the literary hero Pavel Korchagin (Auth. A.Harechko, A.Ihnatschenko), a memorial sign "Boyarka-BAM" (sculptor O.Stelmashenko), set during the festival of friendship of youth RSRS and GDR engine "Kukushka" established a perpetual parking in Boyarka as a symbol of salvation of Kyiv from the fuel crisis in the cold winter of 1921.


In 1991, after self-liquidation of Komsomol, Literary and Memorial Museum of M.Ostrovskoho was transferred to Kiev OK LKSMU the state network of museums of the region and transformed into aristocratic preserve museum of archives and expositions of writer’ hall. (Order № 55 Kyiv regional department of culture of 25.05.92).

In 1997 on the performance of the Kyiv Regional State Administration № 49 "On the division of communal property" Boyarsky Museum was transferred to communal property of Kyiv-Svyatoshinsky district.

In 2003 the museum became a structural division of the Department of Culture and Arts of Kyiv-Svyatoshinskoy district administration.

Boyarsky museum was created on the basis of Literary and Memorial Museum of M.Ostrovskoho, which was opened September 29, 1974 on the occasion of 70th anniversary of the famous writer, the author's world famous novel "How Steel Was Tempered" - Nikolai Alekseevich Ostrovsky. At the root of the Museum were historians Ivan Ivanov, Vasil Kubrenkov, Vladimir Horynovych, Albina Janusz.

Museum - a living organism that lives with its own life, answering the challenges of the time, varying constantly and becoming new. Everything that happens in a country that experience our people is reflected in the museum collection and thus becomes part of history.

Already in '36 years our museum defend memory and history.

The life of the state and thus the museum can be divided into two periods: before and after independence proclamation.

Literary and Memorial Museum in Boyarka writer was the last of the state museums are open in his honor in the then Soviet Union.

In those days, in the seventies years of the last century, to the boyar land came tourists from all over the world. Nikolai Ostrovsky’ novel "How Steel Was Tempered" was published 773 times, total circulation of 54 million copies translated into 75 languages ​​of the USSR. Translated into 56 languages of the world ​​- a circulation of 2.5 million copies.

Each year the museum of the writer received up to 35 thousand visitors. Such a large excursion activity gave the museum a considerable experience in the work.

1991 for Ukraine was a year of consolidation of statehood. For the museum - almost the beginning of the end. Almost a year dedicated staff of the museum worked on the enthusiasm, skeleton of which still conserves the history of his native land.

1992 - was conversion of Museum and in 2003 his subordination to the district department of culture.

The first swallow in the new role of local history was the opening of the exhibition "Boyarka, the spiritual revival." Starting material for it became boyars archives of ethnographers Kubrenkov Vasil, Ivan Ivanov. That's when museum visitors learned that to the history of the city except the name of Nikolai Ostrovsky entered the names of other prominent people of the country.

On the territory of the district appeared cultural and artistic phenomenon called "Boyarsky Museum".

An important exhibition dedicated to 60th anniversary of Holodomor in Ukraine of 1993 took place. This work is the first in a large number of these exhibitions that demonstrate collective desire to keep abreast of time: Independence Day, City Day, Victory Day, the Day Constitution. With delight tourists visited solo exhibitions of artists and craftsmen of district: Anatolia Bilyuka, Alexander Mishchenko , Yuri Gorbachev, Alexander Malinchenka, Nina Znova, Tseplyayev Vladimir, Vladimir Vyshniak, Alexei Boiko, Diana Artyukhova. And last year by the submission of the museum, our countryman, the artist Yuriy Patsan got the award named by Nikolai Ostrovsky in Moscow.

The same significant was the first presentation, held at the museum. Poet - Sixtiers Ivan Kovalenko in 1995 presented to the citizens of Boyarka his first collection "Nedokoshenyy lyg." Since then, BM has become a place where artists present their works to their countrymen.

But still the main purpose of the museum is searching - research work and preservation of artefacts. Today the collection is very versatilely reflects the range of research interests of the museum, more than 12 000 items of basic and scientific support fund, they are: write-printed materials, numismatics, paintings, graphic arts, ethnography, philately, archaeology, memorial, photo, sculpture - decorative fund and film sound-track. Research and retrieval work is reflected in numerous scientific conferences that take place by the initiative or with BM.

An interesting direction of museum became literary and musical compositions that have made it possible to bring to the students works of such famous people as Vladimir Samoilenko, Sholom Aleichem, Semen Nadson whose lives have been associated with Boyarka, themed literary and musical evening: "Near the piano "romances, memory of the composer A. Semenov, lesson etude "Wreath for the poets of silver Age"and many others.

For 36 years the museum in Boyarka was attended by about 700 thousand of tourists, of which 80% of young people from Russia, Germany, Poland, Canada, Bulgaria, the United States and others.

The special relationship developed with the Museum of China. In 1999, Chinese filmmakers filmed in Ukraine 20 serial feature film "How Steel Was Tempered" based on the novel of M.Ostrovskoho. Considerable part of the filming took place in Boyarka.

Now Pavel Korchagin became the idea of ​​uniting of great Chinese people, and perhaps this explains its great economic achievements. Proof of this can serve words from the book of reviews of the museum: "In modern times with Ostrovsky we go forward with confidence to perform well work for our country.

"So our Ukrainian youth is the spiritual support of the new generation of Chinese youth. Ex great regret, the youth of our country today brought up at the examples of American fighters and national tabloid television serials. Today, almost every Chinese tourist who come to Ukraine is committed to visit Boyarka, to walk in places where, on the narrow gage, worked their favorite hero.

But the wall does not limit the museum in the cultural and educational activities. It is our institution initiated a mapping of names of prominent citizens of Boyarka. Sponsored by Boyar City Council have already appeared memorial plaques on the buildings, inhabited by the poet-dissident Ivan Kovalenko, classic Jewish literature Sholom - Aleichem, the writer Ivan Ivanov, Honored Artist of Ukraine Yuriy Mohor and Oles Tkachenko. We hope that the time when the street with soviet names will bear the names of people with which Boyarka and Kyiv-Svyatoshynsky citizens are proud of. Every city, every village has its own unique history and it different them from other settlements.

Separately, want to note the activities of the museum in the creation of new cultural centers. So in 1997 in the village Malyutyanka was opened department of BM - Museum of Mykola Pymonenko. There are intentions to open a memorial room in the house where lived the potter Yakiv Padalka in the village Vita Poshtova and exhibition hall named after Yuriy Mohora in Boyarka. With the support of the district administration was started the work on completion of the museum. It is already at the stage of completion of preparation of project documentation.

And finally: last year for cultural - educational work museum was awarded with a Winner Prize of V.Samiylenka of Boyar City Council. This is very symbolic. The institution, which appeared 36 years ago, appeared in the cultural area of the city, grows, expanding its cultural and artistic tastes, forms the inner world of new generations, helps its visitors to realize themselves Ukrainians, who have their own national history and can write her own line .

The exhibition of Boyarsky Regional Museum

Permanent exhibition of Boyarsky regional museum introduces the history of Kyiv-Svyatoshinsky area with archaeological finds, local lifestyle.


One of the expositions highlights cottage Boyarka of the end of ХIХ beg. of ХХ century. Boyarka was famous as a fashionable cottage settlement with healing forest nature, every summer Boyarka met 10 thousand of citizens of Kiev. The photo shows the exquisite fairy houses, which still remained on the street Khreshchatyk (from 1923 to 2005 Karl Marx). At one time they served as summer residences during the summer holidays for prominent cultural figures: Russian poet S.Ya.Nadson, in memory of him in the forest remained "Barrow of Nadson," the founder of Ukrainian classical music Lysenko, who right there wrote one of the pats of famous play “Taras Bulba”, Jewish writer Sholom Aleichem, the author of outstanding works of world literature "Tevye - the milkman", Ukrainian writer, critic, playwrighter, satirist V.I.Camiylenka, his tomb is situated in an ancient mound near St. Michael's Church in Boyarka. Among the guests of cottage Boyarka were M.Hrushevskkyy, V. Stefanyk, Starytsky, B.Grinchenko, Zanjkovetska, O.Kotsyubynska, Ivan Bulgakov, brother of the famous writer Mikhail Bulgakov (born in Budayivtsi and was baptized in the local church) scientist - criminologist, historian A. Kistiakivsky (his grandson George was born in Budayivtsi, scientist, public figure, the head of a department of nuclear laboratories in the U.S.), philanthropist F.Vasylevskyy (founder of the grants in several institutions of Kyiv and orphanage in Boyarka).


Significant place in the museum occupy materials about the Great Patriotic War (military photographs, letters from the front, personal belongings of participants of military operations, government awards, frontage memories, postcards, personal belongings of dead soldiers of the Soviet and German armies), materials of Holodomor - 33 (millstones, archival photographs, documents, memories), and documentary materials of Ukrainian poet, teacher and dissident I.Yu.Kovalenko and famous writer I.I.Ivanova, repressed in 1936., author of "Kolyma."

Great part of the museum collection takes exhibits that relate to the name of Mykola Ostrovsky: documents, photographs, memorial things, books of the writer "How Steel Was Tempered" in languages ​​of the world (nearly 300 units), tools of builders of Narrow Gauge Railways, art works, books, collections of poems of people with disabilities, video of artistic film of Mark Donskiy "How steel Was Tempered" (1942) and 20 - serial television movie "How steel Was Tempered" of Chinese filmmakers filmed in 1999 in Ukraine and others.


With particular interest are perceived works of artists V. Grigoriev and K. Polyakova, including illustrations for such well-known children's books like "One Hundred Adventures of Barvinok and Romashka," "Zolotoy kluchik", "Teremok", "On the brave Barvinok and Konika Dzvonika" and others. In BM funds is saved over a thousand original works of these artists.

Particular attention is given to an exhibition that tells about Patsiora P.P. - TSD, laureate of the USSR State Prize. P.P. Patsiora went a long career from a worker on collection of firewood in the forest of Byarka in 20th years of the last century to a professor of Moscow Forestry Engineering Institute. One of the streets in Boyarka bears his name.


In recent years, the museum collection enlarged with interesting works of Honored Artist of Ukraine Fedor Gluschuk, Yuriy Mohora, Olesya Tkachenko, Member of the Union of Artists of Ukraine: V.Shevchenko, Ye.Ryabovoyi. K.Kudryashovoyi, H.Voloshyna; artists V.Vyshnyaka, Yu.Horbachova, A.Bilyuka, S.Herasymenka. Balyuna, M.Stetsenka, L.Lytvynenko, O.Malinchenka, V.Vederechka.

These materials allow periodically to change the exposure.

SITE of BM -


Department of BM- "Museum of Pymonenko in the village Malyutyanka"

On spring village Malyutyanka of Kyiv region immersed in lush blooming of gardens. And on autumn put on gold and purple outfit. Our village is beautiful in any season. So no wonder that outstanding Ukrainian artist Mykola Kornylovych liked it, from 1888 to 1911 he lived and made here his beautiful paintings. "The colors, smells and feelings that ever came into his life, were associated with Malyutyanka. The best his paintings, he wrote here, in the minds somehow quietly rooted conviction: nowhere he can work productively than in the village, including friends from childhood"- read the memoirs of artist’ wife Oleksandra Volodymyrivna.

Eleven years boy helped his father to paint churches in Boyarka, Motovylovka, Malyutyanka. Then appeared in his soul the beauty of our land. Future academic of painting, a member of artistic creative associations of France, Germany, England, March was born on 9th of March in family of Kornylo Danylovych Pymonenko in the picturesque suburb of Kyiv.

He studied at the Kiev drawing school of M.I.Murashka, in which later he taught drawing. In 1882 entered the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, where he was one of the best students. And because of lung disease he was forced to leave the Academy in 1884, the city of unrealistic hopes and returned to Kyiv.

Doctors advised to go abroad or to the Crimea for treatment, but Mykola Kornylovych selects rural air filled with aromas of forest and steppe – Malyutyanka, that becomes a panacea for him, silent harbar among life's storms.

Prolific work is being performed here by master. In the new studio, under a glass roof one by one were born paintings of various subjects: "Yule divination" (1888), "Divination" (1893), "Wedding in Kyiv Province" (1891) - genre-ceremonial nature; "Matchmakers" (1892 ), "Courtship" - ethnographic accurate reproduction of Ukrainian folk customs, "No kidding" (1895), "Home" (1894), "Nadzyuzyukavsya" - a very accurate implementation of national humor.

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M.K. Pymonenko "Wedding in Kyiv Province."

М. К.Пимоненко. "Не шути."

Most mundane scenes under his brush acquired touching lyrical sound ("Rendezvous", "Competitors", "Rivals" (1906), "Idyll" (1908), "By the well", "Jealousy"), then got warm humor ("The fair" " Drunk matchmaker ").

The paintings “At the River”, “On the River” (1908), "Washerwoman" shows exactly malyutyanski landscapes.

The artist told about the life of rural children. This paintings are devoted to them "The Last sun ray" (1900), "Before the Storm" (1906), "Shepherdess."

Malyutyankyy period sometimes was full of hard work for Pymonenko. Among the picturesque hills, fields, forests, river or pond, he found a landscape that is required to disclose the nature of heroes. And the heroes of his paintings were mostly peasants, among them citizens of Malyutyanka. So on the painting "Brod" (1901), we see eight-years girl – she is Fetisova Olexandra Oleksiivna, "Geese, home!" (1911) - Syrotynska Uliana Samiylivna, "Hopak" (1909) - Petrash Fedot.

In 1893 Mykola Kornylovych was elected a member of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions. Since 1885, he became a member of Society of South Russian Artists.

High achievements of the artist were noted by higher art institution of the country - St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, in 1904 gave him 1904 the title of academician.

Since 1907 Pimonenko exhibit his work abroad - in Munich, Paris, Berlin and London. The picture "Hopak" which was exhibited at the Paris Salon of French Artists Society, was bought by the Lavra museum. The painting "Out of the Church in Holy Thursday", presented at the exhibition in Munich, was acquired by one of the museums of the city. 1907 Mykola Kornylovych became a member of the Munich Artists' Union, 1909 - member of the Paris international union of art and literature.

In 1912 M.K. Pymonenko went to the eternal world. The artist buried in Lukianivska cemetery in Kyiv. And for us, his descendants, forever remained works of art, and boundless world of the artist's heart, which he gave to people.

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M. K.Pymonenko. "On the river." M. K.Pymonenko. "Broad."

Grand opening of the museum of M.K. Pymonenka in Malyutyanka, department of Boyarsky Museum was held September 25, 1997.

It is worth to mention and sincerely thank all those who stood at the origins of the Museum. Organizers and initiators: V.K.Solovyov and G.R.Solovyova, the couple M.O.Malyshko and N.M.Denysova, artist P.A. Malyshko, writers B.Chip and D.Cherednychenko, rural teachers M.M.Donchak and K.P.Musiyenko.

Construction happened with the forces the villagers. Active participation in all the works have M.V.Kaluha, V.M.Romanchenko, M.M.Slobozhenko, V. Kaluga, N.K.Biluha, management of the "Decorative cultures" and many others.

Remember with gratitude the effective cooperation with great-grandson M.K.Pymonenka – Gruzovyi Mykhailo Andriyovich (1943-2008), who delivered in the museum exhibits from unique family collection. Museum continues to maintain ties with his family and descendants of the artist on the line of his son Mykola.clip_image018.jpg

Descendants of M.K.Pymonenka in the museum in Malyutyanka. (from left to right):

M.Y Gruzovyi (great-grandson on the line of his daughter Olga)
Shpyruk G.M. (Head of the Museum of M. Pymonenko)
Pymonenko A.P. (wife of grandson of M.K.Pymonenka)
Pymonenko M.Yu. (great-grandson on the line of his son Mykola)

Expanding the regional department of the museum, which continuously replenishes the villagers: needlework, clothing, household items, towels...

Much of exhibits related to GPW: documents, photos, autobiographies, personal belongings of rural veterans.

Was opened Fund of prominent and interesting people of our village, where a place of honor occupies a creative family Malyshko. She is most active in the restoration of the house of Pymonenko.

In the museum is held art exhibitions, thematic lectures, art meetings with artists, writers, archaeologists, historians. People always go to a small house on the edge, among them adults and little citizens of Malyutyanka, guests of the village, tourists.

Materials prepared by the head of department of BM.

"Museum of M.K.Pymonenka, v. Malyutyanka" G.M. Shpyruk.